1) How is My Dog’s Temperament? 

 So, your dog is cute, we’ve established that, but how is their temperament? Do they snap at other dogs’, growl at children, or are they a nightmare to train? If so, they may not be suitable for breeding. Dogs that are bred should have a friendly personality that behaves themselves most of the time. 


2) Does my Dog Have any Medical Conditions?

When thinking about breeding your dog, you also need to consider their health. We wouldn’t want any nasty medical disorders passed onto the litter so it’s essential your dog is in tip top condition. That means no genetic disorders, and no infections they’ve contracted through their lives, like canine brucellosis. You should get your dog a full health check at the vet before breeding them.


3) How Old is My Dog? 

If your dog has not reach sexual maturity, they’re not ready for breeding. Dogs are sexually mature once they have gone through puberty which happens when they’re about 12 months old. The exact time that they go through puberty, however, will depend on their breed. You can check with your vet if you’re not sure when your dog will be sexually mature. 

It’s recommended to wait until the 2nd or 3rd heat cycle before breeding your female dog. This will give her body time to get ready to carry a pregnancy. It’s also not recommended to breed a female that is more than 8 years old, as there’s a greater risk of something going wrong in the pregnancy or birth. 

The Kennel Club is unlikely to register a litter if the mother is younger than 12 months or older than 8 years old.


4) Do I Have the Time to Commit to Breeding?

Breeding takes up more time than you might think. From vet trips and finding a breeding pair to puppy-proofing your house and finding responsible homes for them to go to, breeding is a massive time commitment. You must make sure you are ready to fully dedicate months of your life to caring for the pregnant mum and her litter. 

If you have a busy work schedule or a lot of commitments that mean you are out of the house for prolonged periods of time, breeding may not be right for you. 


5) Can I Provide the Right Environment? 

Both whilst mating the breeding pair and afterwards when you have a pregnant mum on your hands, maintaining a calm environment is key. There shouldn’t be any loud noises and there should be privacy to let them relax. If you can’t keep your home warm, clean, quiet, and comfortable, it wouldn’t be fair to breed your dog. 


6) Can I Afford to Breed My Dog?

There are a lot of costs associated with breeding, some of which you can plan for and others you can’t. You need to ensure you have the finances available to deal with any costs as they arise. Some things you might need to pay for include:

  • Initial vet appointments to check your dog’s health
  • Tracking your dog’s heat cycle to know when she is fertile 
  • Stud fees 
  • Additional nutrition and supplements during pregnancy
  • ‘Puppy-proofing’ your house 
  • Veterinary assistance during birth 
  • Caesarean birth 
  • Post-birth complications that require veterinary attention 
  • Vaccinations for the puppies 
  • Food for the puppies once weaned from milk
  • Vet trips for the puppies
  • Medication for the mother or puppies 
  • Puppy training 
  • Puppy socialisation 

Many breeders choose to take out an insurance plan to help cover the costs of breeding, but you must ensure you have the funds in place to keep mum and her puppies healthy.


7) Can I Accept the Responsibility of Raising the Puppies?

Looking after newborn puppies is a massive responsibility. For the first few weeks of their lives, you are in charge of making sure they’re okay. If mum doesn’t take to motherhood, or doesn’t produce enough milk for her litter, you might even have to hand-rear them. 

Once they are old enough to leave your care, you’ll have to make sure the homes they are going to are suitable. If you’re not sure about a prospective buyer, it’s best to reject their application. The future health and happiness of the puppies relies on you performing the suitable checks. 


8) Have I Done My Research?

Looking after a pregnant pooch and her puppies is no easy job, and you need to make sure you have all the knowledge you need to keep them happy and healthy. You can find a lot of information on our website that will help put you on the right path, or you can speak with some experienced breeders to learn the tricks of the trade. 

Breeding your dog can be a wonderful and fulfilling experience. If you have any questions about breeding your dog, please drop us an email at info@breedertec.com or give us a call on +44-208-432-9802. Our experts are on hand to help you on the road to successful breeding!